Árpád Pusztai (8 September 1930) is a Hungarian-born protein scientist who has spent most of his career, from 1968-1998, at the Rowett Research Institute in Aberdeen, Scotland. He is considered the world's foremost expert on plant lectins, and is the author of 270 papers and three books on the subject.In 1998 Pusztai publicly announced that the results of his research show eating genetically modified potato causes harm to rats, leading to his dismissal from the institute. ....Rowett Institute's director Philip James, who had initially supported Pusztai, suspended him and used misconduct procedures to seize the data. His annual contract was not renewed and Pusztai, his wife and a colleague, Susan Bardocz were banned from speaking publicly. Phone calls to his office were diverted and his research team was disbanded.After it was revealed that James had received two phone calls from the Prime Minister's office before implementing the ban, supporters claimed that James had come under pressure from 10 Downing Street to "put the lid on" Pusztai. Later a senior Rowett manager claimed Bill Clinton had telephoned Tony Blair and told him to sort out the problem. Although James denied the calls ever took place, Professor Robert Orskov OBE, who worked at the Rowett for 33 years and is one of Britain's leading nutrition experts, claimed he was told that the phone calls went from Monsanto Company, the American firm which produces 90% of the world's GM food, to Clinton to Blair. "Clinton rang Blair and Blair rang James - you better keep that man (Pusztai) shut up. James didn't know what to do. Instead of telling him to keep his mouth shut, they should have told him to say it needs more work. But there is no doubt that he was pushed by Blair to do something."
- "There is no absolute right to consume or feed children any particular food."
- "There is no 'deeply rooted' historical tradition of unfettered access to foods of all kinds."
- "Plaintiffs' assertion of a 'fundamental right to their own bodily and physical health ... is similarly unavailing
- ... because plaintiffs do not have a fundamental right to obtain any food they wish."
- "There is no fundamental right to freedom of contract."